Leetcode

Minimum ASCII Delete Sum for Two Strings

  • Time:O(mn)
  • Space:O(mn)

C++

class Solution {
 public:
  int minimumDeleteSum(string s1, string s2) {
    const int m = s1.length();
    const int n = s2.length();
    // dp[i][j] := min cost to make s1[0..i) and s2[0..j) equal
    vector<vector<int>> dp(m + 1, vector<int>(n + 1));

    // delete s1[i - 1]
    for (int i = 1; i <= m; ++i)
      dp[i][0] = dp[i - 1][0] + s1[i - 1];

    // delete s2[j - 1]
    for (int j = 1; j <= n; ++j)
      dp[0][j] = dp[0][j - 1] + s2[j - 1];

    for (int i = 1; i <= m; ++i)
      for (int j = 1; j <= n; ++j)
        if (s1[i - 1] == s2[j - 1])
          dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1];
        else
          dp[i][j] = min(dp[i - 1][j] + s1[i - 1], dp[i][j - 1] + s2[j - 1]);

    return dp[m][n];
  }
};

JAVA

class Solution {
  public int minimumDeleteSum(String s1, String s2) {
    final int m = s1.length();
    final int n = s2.length();
    // dp[i][j] := min cost to make s1[0..i) and s2[0..j) equal
    int[][] dp = new int[m + 1][n + 1];

    // delete s1.charAt(i - 1)
    for (int i = 1; i <= m; ++i)
      dp[i][0] = dp[i - 1][0] + s1.charAt(i - 1);

    // delete s2.charAt(j - 1)
    for (int j = 1; j <= n; ++j)
      dp[0][j] = dp[0][j - 1] + s2.charAt(j - 1);

    for (int i = 1; i <= m; ++i)
      for (int j = 1; j <= n; ++j)
        if (s1.charAt(i - 1) == s2.charAt(j - 1))
          dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1];
        else
          dp[i][j] = Math.min(dp[i - 1][j] + s1.charAt(i - 1), dp[i][j - 1] + s2.charAt(j - 1));

    return dp[m][n];
  }
}